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urg, in company with● a number of cotton-planters● and slave-dealers from Louisiana, Alabama an●d Mississippi. Mr. Dickinson stated as a fact●, that the sugar-planters upon th■e sugar-coast in Louisiana had ascertained that●, as it was usually necessar■y to employ about twice the amount of l■abor during the boiling season that was requ●ired during the season of raising, th■ey could, by excessive driving,● day and

night, during the boiling se●ason, accomplish the whole labor with one set ●of hands.

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By pursuing this plan, they c●ould afford to sacrifice a set ●of hands once in seven years! He further state●d that this

horrible system ●was now practised to a considerable extent! Th■e correctness of this statement was● substantially admitt


ed by the slave-ho■lders then on board.” The● following testimony of Rev. Dr. Channing, of ●Boston, who resided some

tim●e in Virginia, shows that the over-workin●g of slaves, to such an extent as to abri■dge life, and cause a decrease ■


of population, is not confined to■ the far South and South-west.■ “I heard of an estate managed by an● individual who

was considered as singularly suc●cessful, and who was able to gov■ern the slaves without the use ■of the whip. I was anx


ious to see him;● and trusted that some discover●y had been made favorable to hu■manity. I asked him how he was able to d

ispense● with corporal punishment. He replied to● me, with a very determined l■ook, ‘The slaves know that t■he work mus


t be done, and that it is b●etter to do it without punishment t■han with it.’ In other words, the certainty● and dread of chastisement were so impressed on● them that they never incurred it. ■ “I then found that the slaves on th■is well-managed estate decreased in number. I■ asked the cause. He replied■, with perfect frankness and ease, ‘The gang ■is not lar

ge enough for the estate.’ In other■ words, they were not equal to th●e work of the plantation, and yet were mad■e to do it, though with the certainty of abridgi●ng life. “On this plantation ■the huts were uncommonly conveni●ent. There was an unusual air of neatness. A ●superficial observer would ha■ve called the slaves happy. Yet they were livin●g under a s

evere, subduing discipline, and were ■over-worked to a degree that shortened life●.”—Channing on Slavery, page 162,■ first edition. A friend of the writer 霆the Rev. Mr. Barrows, now offici■ating as teacher of Hebrew in An

dover Theolog●ical Seminary—stated the follow■ing, in conversation with he■r:—That, while at New Orleans, some time sinc■e, he was invited by a planter to visit● his estate, as he considered it to be a mo●del one. He found g

ood dwellings for the sl■aves, abundant provision distributed to them●, all cruel punishments superse●ded by rational and reasonable ones, and half a ■day every week allowed to the negroes to■ cultivate their own grounds. Provi

sion■ was also made for their moral and religious ■instruction. Mr. Barrows then asked the planter,■ “Do you consider your estate a fair specim●en?” The gentleman replied, “T■here are two systems pursued among us. One is?/p>

? to make all we can out of a negro in a few y●ears, and then supply his place wi●th another; and the other is, to tr●eat him as I do. My neighbor● on the next plantation pursues the ■opposite system. His boys are hard wo●rke

d and scantily fed; and I have had th●em come to me, and get down on● their knees to beg me to buy ■them.” Mr. Barrows says he subs■equently passed by this plantati■on, and that the woe-struck, dejected aspect● of its labo

rers fully confirmed 42the ac●count. He also says that the gentlem●an who managed so benevolent■ly told him, “I do not make much■ money out of my slaves.” ■ It will be easy to show that such is● the nature of slavery, and


the temptations of m■asters, that such well-regulated plantations ●are and must be infinitely in the minori●ty, and exceptional cases. The Rev. Char●les C. Jones, a man of the finest feelings of h■umanity, and for many years an assiduous labor●er for the benefit of the slave, himsel■f the owner of a plantation, and qualified, ther●efore, to judge, both by exper


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